Leon Bakst, (1866-1924)

A Russian painter and scene- and costume- designer who revolutionized the arts he worked in. In 1893 - 1897 he lived in Paris, visiting Saint Petersburg often. Since mid-1890ies he became a member of the circle of writers and artists formed by Sergei Diaghilev and Alexandre Benois that later became ĞMir Iskusstvağ art movement. In 1899, he co-founded with Sergei Diaghilev the influential periodical World of Art. His graphics for the World of Art magazine brought him fame. In 1898 he showed his works on Dyagilev-organized First exhibition of Russian and FinnishArtists; in World of Art exhibitions, as well as Secession in Munich, exhibitions of Union of Russian Artists, etc. Since the end of 1900es, Bakst works mostly as a stage-desigher. Bakst designed settings for Greek tragedies, and in 1908 made a name as a scene-painter for Diaghilev with the Ballets Russes (Cleopatra 1909, Schéhérazada 1910, Carnaval 1910, Narcissus 1911, Daphnis et Chloé 1912). In 1914 he was elected a member of Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1918 he broke his relation with Dyagilev and Ballets Russes. He died in 1924 in Paris out of lung problems.